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Mapping Analysis of Low Birth Weight Babies in Makassar Municipality
Muhammad Nadjib Bustan, Ayu Lestari Lestari Darti Akhsa, Arman Idris

Last modified: 2018-08-18


Mapping Analysis of Low Birth Weight Babies

in Makassar Municipality

Muhammad Nadjib Bustan1*, Ayu Lestari Darti Akhsa2, Arman2


*   Corresponding Author: M.N.Bustan, mnbustan@unm.ac.id, +62811446998


1 Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Negeri Makassar, Makassar, Indonesia

2 Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia.

Low birth weight (LBW) is an important indicator of the infant's health status associated with maternal and child health services. The research aimed to determine and map the distribution of LBW according to risk status of delivered mothers.


Materials and Methods

The case-control study design consisted of 254 mothers; 127 cases of mothers with LBW infants and 127 controls of maternal mothers in health centers of Makassar. The five major risk factors were antenatal visits, maternal anemia, pregnancy infection, number of children, and maternal nutritional status. Mapping analysis compared the distribution of these risk factors among eight health centers with the value of each risk factor at the national level.


The bivariate analysis found that three factors were significantly related to LBW: antenatal visits, maternal anemia disorders, and infectious diseases. The mapping analysis showed that the percentage of anemia distribution was greater than national level of anemia 37,1%;  antenatal visits was lower than 86.7%; and pregnancy infection was greater than  7.3%.


LBW is related to the maternal anemia, antenatal care visit, and maternal infectious diseases. Therefore, midwives should motivate pregnant women to achieve full ANC visits, so they will prevent pregnancy anemia and infection.


Keywords: Low birth weight, antenatal care visit, anemia, infectious diseases