Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Factors associated with working condition and health/morbidity status of municipal sanitary workers of Varanasi city, India

Last modified: 2018-08-09


Background: Municipal sanitary workers are among the most vulnerable sections of Indian society. Most are migrants from rural India, poorest and most deprived sections of the urban population and are more susceptible to various types of diseases. They face more occupational health hazards because of the nature of their work.

Materials and methods: Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between four major morbidities with selected background characteristics of the respondent. Three models have been constructed, Model-1 considered the basic demographic variables like age, sex, type of worker, type of job and working experience. Model-2 included personal habits and health condition of workers which include alcohol consumption, tobacco smoking and their state of perceived health condition, while Model-3 included all the variables in Model-1 and Model-2.

Results: The present study focused on the four major morbidities namely, gastrointestinal complaints (GC), musculoskeletal complaints (MSD), respiratory complaints (RC) and chronic bronchitis (CB). The result of analysis using Model-2 indicates that consumption of alcohol increased the odds ratio for gastrointestinal complaints (OR: 3.1), musculoskeletal complaints (OR: 4.1), respiratory complaints (OR: 3.8). Musculoskeletal complaints were found to have significant statistical value for age, sex and alcohol use, while respiratory complaints have a significant value for age, type of worker, type of job and alcohol use. In the case of chronic bronchitis, statistically significant association was found for age and type of workers.

Conclusions: The study concludes that substance use increased the risk of all the four major morbidities. Alcohol consumption increased the risk of the gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal and respiratory problem whereas smoking increased the risk of chronic bronchitis.