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Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Coastal Area of Semarang sub District Indonesia : Descriptive Epidemiology of Cases and Bionomic Vector
martini martini, okti trihastuti dyah, Mursid Raharjo

Last modified: 2018-09-16


Background: Northern Semarang City is located on the coastal area of Java Sea. The intrusion sea water to soil influence clean water supplying the residence containing salt  higher than other area. It is necessary to conduct a study to describe the epidemiological condition of DHF incidence in coastal areas of North Semarang district. The purpose of this study is to describe the epidemiological condition of DHF incidence in the coastal area of ​​North Semarang City.Method: This study use descriptive observational design. Population of study was 62 cases of dengue fever and 284 house for larvae survey. Data processed using SPSS for univariate and bivariate analysis, while spatial analysis using ArcGis 10.3

Results: There were 55 cases of dengue fever and 184 homes that had been surveyed. Mostly, cases were in 6-16 years age group (47.3%). Salinity of water resources in the cases living environment were 2-3 ‰ which is defined as brackish water. Through spatial analysis showed no relationship between population density and dengue cases. Pearson Correlation Test result showed there is no relationship between HI with IR DBD in North Semarang District

Conclusion: DHF cases in North Semarang district mostly occur in 6-16 year age group, distributed in all sub-district area either near or far from the coast, incidence not related to monthly rainfall. DHF transmission in Northern Semarang City could occurs in the coastal in North Semarang City, because the vector of Aedes aegypti survive in salty area.