Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Characteristics of Stunting among Children age 24-36 months in Padang city
azrimaidaliza azrimaidaliza, Dien GA Nursal, Hafifatul Auliya Rahmy, Rozaliny Asri

Last modified: 2018-08-21

Abstract


Background

Prevalence of stunting among children under five years old tends to increase in developing countries, including Indonesia. Nutritional status at birth is one of the factors that have a contribution to their nutritional and health status at a later age of life. The study aim is to analysis characteristics of stunting children age 24-36 months.

Materials and methods

A case-control study was used to conduct the study among children of age 24-36 months in Padang city. Data for stunting among children of age 24-36 months in Padang city was collected based on mass weighing by the health officer. A total of 103 cases and 103 controls were studied. An administered questionnaire was used to collect information on characteristics of children by nutritionist enumerator. The Statistical Package for the Social Science was used to analyze the data and presented into univariate and bivariate distribution.

 

Results

The result showed that stunted children of age 24-36 months had a higher percentage of low birth weight (64,5%) compared with normal children (35,5%). Also, stunted children had a higher percentage of short birth length (56,4%) compared with normal children (43,6%). About 8,7% of stunted children had a short mother and 13,6% stunted children had a short father. Birth weight (p-value=0,001;OR=2,16), mother’s height (p-value=0,001;OR=1,3) and father’s height (p-value=0,001;OR=2,16) were associated with stunting among children of age 24-36 months in Padang city.

 

Conclusions

Birth weight and parent’s height have associated with stunting condition among children of age 24-36 months. Prevention strategy by public nutrition promotion is needed to combat stunting prevalence, focus on the first 1000 days of life.

 

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Andalas university for financial support. We grateful for data collectors for the time and commitment, especially for respondents who participated in this study.

 

Keywords:  stunting, children, birth weight, mother’s height, father’s height