Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

Font Size: 
Relationship of depression, social connectedness, tobacco intake and nutritional status among rural geriatrics of northern India
HarAshish Jindal, Mona Duggal, Limalemla Jamir, Latika Rohilla, Ajit Avasthi, Ritu Verma, Sandeep Grover

Last modified: 2018-08-22

Abstract


Introduction: Healthy ageing is being endorsed worldwide. In India, geriatric population will increase from 9% in 2011 to 20% in 2050. Nutrition is an important part of the  health needs measured by body mass index.

Aim: To assess the correlation of body mass index with depression, social connectedness and cognitive function

Methods: This was a community-based, cross-sectional study conducted in 52 villages in the Naraingarh and Barara block of Ambala district, after systematic random sampling, from March to July 2017. A pretested predesigned questionnaire was used to collect data. Geriatric Depression Scale, Mini-mental state examination, social connectedness were used to collect data for depression, cognitive function and  social connectedness among.

Results: A total 468 elderly were enrolled. The prevalence of under weight and overweight and obesity was found to be 13.8%, 26.2% and 24.3% respectively. On univariate analysis, gender, age, Occupation, usage of old age pension scheme, tobacco intake, social connectedness, depression, diabetes was found be  statistically significant. On multivariate analysis, for underweight younger age (OR=0.51)  and non depression state(OR=2.4) were found to be significant but for obesity and overweight female gender(OR=2.6) , non-diabetic state(OR=0.23), non usage of old age pension scheme(OR=2.5), social connecteness (OR=1.9).

Conclusion: Nutritional status is one of the integral part  of the geriatric health. Various factors such as depression, gender, increasing age, social connectedness, diabetic state  may have a significant effect on the nutritional status of the elderly population.