Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk factors among adult population of Puducherry in India
Ramesh Chand Chauhan, Anil Jacob Purty, Zile Singh

Last modified: 2018-08-07

Abstract


Background

Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a constellation of established risk factors for coronary artery diseases. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of MS and various risk factors in the community based sample.

Materials and methods

A cross-sectional community based survey was conducted in urban and rural areas of Puducherry in 2013-14. A total of 3605 individuals participated in the study but we included 1973 individuals for analysis. Prevalence of MS (using ATP III criteria), associated diagnoses (hypertension, diabetes and hypercholesterolemia) and other potential risk factors were assessed for men and women were assesses. Data was double entered and analysed with SPSS version 20.

 

Results

Among 1973 participants included for analysis of metabolic syndrome, 786 (39.8%) were male and 1187 (60.2%) were female. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 21.7%. Among various risk factors for MS, raised blood pressure (systolic ≥ 130 mm Hg and diastolic ≥85 mmHg) was 37.1%, Central obesity was 21.2%, hyperglycaemia was 40.4%, Hypertriglyceridemia was 25.6% and low HDL cholesterol was 19.8%. The MS ans various risk factors were significantly common among females and compared to male (p<0.05).

 

Conclusions

One of four to one of four adult individuals in Puducherry have MS based on ATP III criteria. Higher propensity for CAD risk factors in Puducherry urges for urgent steps to prevent and control the burden of metabolic conditions.

 

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thanks ICMR for funding the project.

 

Key words: Metabolic Syndrome, Hypercholesterolemia raised blood pressure