Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Factors affecting Health care needs of the elderly population in Bangladesh: warrants immediate policy implementation to diminish health disparity
Farah Naz Rahman, AKM Fazlur Rahman

Last modified: 2018-08-15



Life expectancy trend in Bangladesh is increasing by 0.60% every year. The average life expectancy of people in 2017 was 71.52 years, whereas it was 67.7 years in 2010. Bangladesh has a current level of 7 million elderly population which is expected to increase in twofold by the year of 2025 with a huge number of 14.6 million older adults. The rising number of geriatric population appears as an emerging challenge for Bangladesh due to its limited resource, poor socio-economic culture, lack of legislation and weak governance.


The aim of this study is to identify the social and health care needs of the community-dwellers from different socio-economic groups of Bangladesh.



A cross-sectional study has been conducted among 410 elderly population from rural community of Bangladesh identified through a cluster sampling method. Data were collected by face to face interview with the help of a structured questionnaire.



Of the total respondents, majority (51%) were from poor socioeconomic class and a large proportion was from (44%) lower middle class. Most of the respondents (93.2%) has reported to be suffered from any kind of illness in previous six months. Majority of the elderly population suffered from pain in the different parts of the body, followed by fever, respiratory problem and other non-communicable diseases. Majority (51%) of the elderly persons suffered from any kind of disability. Most of the elderly persons (85.1%) did not receive any domiciliary services for their illness, however, 71% reported to be utilized local health facilities. A large proportion of elderly population are not satisfied with the services at the health facilities.



There is huge need of health services for elderly population in rural Bangladesh, specially the domiciliary services. Health facilities should be elderly friendly to provide proper services to the aged population. Policy level support including comprehensive interventions is an immediate need to minimize the health care gap for geriatric population of Bangladesh.


Key words:

Elderly, Bangladesh, Health care gap, policy