Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Inequity in Safely Managed Sanitation in Indonesia: The 2016 SUSENAS
Tities Puspita

Last modified: 2018-08-07



Universal access to clean sanitation is one of Sustainable Development Goals, which must be achieved by 2030. It is important to examine whether Indonesia is on track with this target. This study aimed at obtaining the coverage of safely managed sanitation in 2016 and exploring its inequity in Indonesia.


Materials and methods

Coverage of safely managed sanitation, according to the 2017 Joint Monitoring Program (JMP), was calculated using data from the 2016 National Sosioeconomic Survey (SUSENAS). Inequity in the sanitation by subnational level, economic status, education, residence, and residence-by-socioeconomic was analyzed using HEAT Plus software.      



The national coverage for safely managed sanitation in 2016 was 36.2%. Among the provinces, a large coverage gap existed. Difference between the poorest (20.6%) and the richest (53.4%) was almost two fold. The uneducated had the lowest coverage (24.1%) and the highly educated had the highest (60.9%). Discrepancy by 24.5% occurred between residential places. By economic status, urban population experienced high coverage but also high inequality; while rural residents experienced the opposite.



The safely managed sanitation is not distributed evenly in Indonesia. Different patterns of coverage and inequity level of sanitation in urban and rural populations should be taken into consideration when establishing interventions.



The data was obtained through NIHRD’s support.


Keywords:  sanitation, safely managed sanitation, inequity, HEAT Plus

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