Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Zinc Supplementation Increase Taste Acuity and Body Weight in Malnourished Children Under Five with Normal Albumin Level
Rofida Lathifah, Siti Muslikhah, Nanda Aulya Ramadhan, Bambang Wirjatmadi, Merryana Adriani, Djazuly Chalidyanto

Last modified: 2018-08-20

Abstract


Background

Prevalent of undernourished children under 5 years is still high. Undernourished children prone to malnutrition. Malnutrition in children inhibited growth and mental development, increased the risk of infectious disease and death. Zinc is a micronutrient that can affect the sense of taste on the tongue up to increase appetite and nutrient intake of children.

Materials and methods

This was experimental double blind study. Primary data was taken using simple random sampling method. The sample was 24 children divided into control and intervention group equally. Intervention group were given zinc sulphate syrup 0.14% with dose 7 mg (1 teaspoon) once a night taken before bed everyday for two months. Taste acuity and body weight measured every month for two months.

 

Results

There was significant differences in taste acuity and body weight before and after zinc supplementation in intervention group compared to control both in first month and second month of supplementation (p=0,000, p=0,000; p=0,000, p=0,000). There was a significant correlation between increase taste acuity with body weight (p=0.000, r=0,852).

 

Conclusions

Zinc supplementation in malnourished children with normal albumin level increase the taste acuity and body weight.

 

Keywords

Increase Body Weight, Malnourished Children, Taste Acuity, Zinc