Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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The knowledge of street children in Manado, North Sulawesi of diarrheal disease
Angela Fitriani Clementine Kalesaran, Eva Mariane Mantjoro, Grace Debbie Kandou

Last modified: 2018-08-20

Abstract


Background

Street children are one of the most frequently forgotten groups of society with respect to their health status. Street children living places often in areas with poor sanitation and poor hygiene. The individualistic way of living with less or no family or support system, also the lack of knowledge about health lead to their vulnerability to many infectious diseases, including diarrhea. The purpose of this study was to see the level of knowledge of street children in the city of Manado about diarrhea.

Materials and methods

This was a cross sectional study conducted in Manado City on June 2018. Samples were 31 children who lives around Bersehati Market. Questionnaire with 20 questions about definition, cause, means of transmission, signs and symptoms, warning signs, initial treatment and ways to prevent diarrhea was used.

 

Results

The key findings of this study was there are still more than half (58.1%) of the street children with low level of knowledge about diarrhea, despite some of them already or have attended school. Only 10 out of 31 children knows about the initial treatment for diarrhea, with more than half (61%) of the children did not know about the early warning signs of diarrhea. Only unboiled water and dirty food are widely known (75% and 83.8%, respectively) by street children as causes for diarrhea.

 

Conclusions

There is a need for health education in street children especially to improve the knowledge of diarrheal disease.

Keywords : street child, diarrheal disease, knowledge, child health