Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

Font Size: 
Climate change, health risks, and community adaptation strategies in Urban Heat Island area. Case Study: Koto Tangah Sub-district, Padang City
Putri Nilam Sari, Defriman Djafri

Last modified: 2018-08-06

Abstract


Background

Health risks caused by climate change are higher in urban heat island areas. This is due to high activity and increasing population density that are followed by low vegetation cover. Therefore, this area becomes hotter than its surrounding. This study aims to determine the level of health risks and adaptation strategies to climate change in urban heat island area.

Materials and methods

This study was conducted on 141 household samples taken by multistage random sampling in July 2018. The health risk status was analyzed with risk assessment matrix and then followed by the determination of community adaptation strategy to minimize the health impact of climate change.

 

Results

The effects of heat waves for heart disease and respiratory problems are at moderate risk. Extreme weather impacts such as deaths, injuries, water pollution and food shortages are at moderate risk while difficulty accessing health facilities is at high risk. Impacts of air pollution such as eye disorders and respiratory distress are at moderate risk. Infectious diseases such as skin diseases are at moderate risk and malaria is at high risk. The lowest adaptation strategy was daily physical activity (35.5%) followed by reducing fast food consumption (42.6%).

 

Conclusions

Health risks due to climate change are mostly at a moderate level while high risk is the difficulty of access to health facilities and transmission of malaria. It needs adaptation to the health impacts of climate change, especially by doing regular physical activity and reducing fast food consumption.

 

Keywords: climate change, urban heat island, health risk, adaptation strategy to climate change


Full Text: Untitled