Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Health Risk Analysis of Pesticide Exposure on Vegetable Farmers In Alahan Panjang Regency 2017
Septia Pristi Rahmah

Last modified: 2018-08-20

Abstract


Health Risk Analysis of Pesticide Exposure on Vegetable Farmers In Alahan Panjang Regency 2017

Septia Pristi Rahmah1*, Arya Gusti1

1 Departement of Enviromental and Occupational Health, Andalas University, 25129, Padang, Indonesia

 

* Corresponding Author: E-mail: pristia.rahmah@gmail.com, Phone: +628116657761

Background

Indonesia an agricultural country which most of the population works in agriculture. For intensification of agriculture, farmers use pesticides on a large scale. The prevalence of pesticide poisoning by workers is at the range of 8.5%-50%. This research aims to analyze the risk of pesticides exposure on farmers in Alahan Panjang Regency.

Materials and methods

This research study using EHRA by calculating intakes/concentrations of substances that are exposed as well as estimate the risk due to exposure. This research was conducted during March-December 2017 at 40 farmers in Alahan Panjang Regency.

 

Results

The results showed propenofos, dimetoat, diazinon and sipemetrin detected on three kinds of vegetables. The value of the highest exposure intakes i.e Diazinon (2.000 mg/kg) in onion, Dimetoat (1.151 mg/kg) in cabbage and Propenofos (0.275 mg/kg) in  tomato. The RfD value of Propenofos in tomato, Dimetoat in cabbage, Diozonin in onion is 2x10-4mg/kg/day (EPA-IRIS), Sipermetrin in onion is 5x10-5mg/kg/day (EPA-IRIS). The highest RQ value was found in Dimetoat (84.6) in cabbage. The value RQ>1 were classified as health risk at respondents who have an average weight of 58 kg, has been exposed for 324 days per year for 12 years working as a farmer.

 

Conclusions

The results of the calculation of the intake value and the risk there is no location is assumed to be secure, so for the next 30 years in the area of research will experience health problems due to pesticides exposure. Monitoring should be enforce regarding control of pesticide in vegetables.

 

Keywords       : Pesticide, Dose-response, Intake