Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Determine Epidemiology of Leptospirosis Base on Environment in Central Java Province 2017
Chatarina Umbul Wahyuni

Last modified: 2018-08-14

Abstract


Background: Leptospirosis is a global health problem because of the high incidence rate of cases. The cases of leptospirosis in the tropics area are estimated >10 cases per 100,000 population per year. Central Java Province is one of the provinces with the highest incidence of leptospirosis in Indonesia. The incidence rate of leptospirosis in Central Java is never more than 1 per 100,000 population. The emergence of this disease is much influenced by environmental risk factors and the state of region. However, other risk factors such as population density, farmer occupation, soil type, and presence of rats should be considered. The spread of leptospirosis may extend to other areas through flood waters or river water contaminated by rats urine containing Leptospira bacteria.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine epidemiology of Leptopirosis base on Environment in Central Java Province 2017.

Methods: This research was a quantitative research with correlation study design. The design of this study aimed to describe the correlation between risk factors and disease.. This study used district/city as analysis unit in Central Java Province. This study used total population of 35 districts/cities. Analysis by Multiple linear regression

Results: The result showed that the variables influence the incidence rate of leptospirosis in Central Java were rainfall ( p=0,025 ) , flood (p=0,31) , and altitude (p=0,035), but temperature (p=0,341), population density (p=0,944) and farmer occupation proportion  (p=0,247 ) were not influence with the incidence rate of leptospirosis

Conclusion: The risk factors of the incidence rate of leptospirosis are rainfall, flood, and altitude