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Pre-natal and Post-natal Determinants of Stunting among Infants 0-11 Months Old in Sambas District, West Kalimantan
Eflita Meiyetriani, Arindah Nur Sartika, Meirina Khoirunnisa, Evi Ermayani, Indriya Laras Pramesthi, Aziz Jati Nur Ananda

Last modified: 2018-08-21


Arindah Nur Sartika1, Meirina Khoirunnisa1, Eflita Meiyetriani2, Evi Ermayani2, Indriya Laras Pramesthi2, Aziz Jati Nur Ananda2

1 Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia- Dr.Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia

2 SEAMEO RECFON, Pusat Kajian Gizi Regional Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia


* Corresponding Author: Eflita Meiyetriani, Mailing list E-mail:eflita@seameo-recfon.org, Phone: +62-85716275299


Background :

Childhood stunting remains most challenging under nutrition as it is associated with suboptimal brain development, decreased future earnings, and risk of metabolic disease during adult life. In Indonesia, the proportion of stunting found higher in rural area than urban area. Sambas, one of the outermost districts in Indonesia, have similar issue regarding stunting. Based on the previous formative study in 2016 on pregnant women, there are factors during pregnancy that will lead to poor birth outcome, thus leading to childhood stunting.

Materials and methods :

This study is a follow-up of the previous study on pregnant women with focusing on stunting in infant aged 0-11 months with 559 participants was involved.


Results :

Among pre-natal and post-natal conditions, there are some factors that have significant association toward stunting in infants 0-11 months in Sambas District, West Kalimantan. Those factors are low birth weight, diarrhea, and poor knowledge on IYCF, and all these variables and stunting are affected by the presence of preterm birth and maternal stature. Among these factors, low birth weight is the factor that have strongest association with stunting.

Conclusions :

Both prenatal and postnatal factors have a role in the development of stunting, thus urging stakeholders to develop an approach that tackle stunting from both sides.



Researchers would like to thank those who have contributed in this research: SEAMEO RECFON for their financial support and Local Government from Sambas District for their support in this study.


Keywords: stunting, infants, determinant, Indonesia, borderline area