Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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NUTRITIONAL STATUS AT ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN “SDN5 KOTALAMA” MALANG, INDONESIA
Alidha Nur Rakhmani

Last modified: 2018-08-16

Abstract


Background.

Children are the future generation and the hope of the nation, thereafter maintain children's health is essential. One of activity can be done to preserve the health status of children is to maintain nutritional status. Ministry of Health revealed that there was still a poor nutritional status of children in the territory of Indonesia which resulted in death. Recently report from public health office in Malang showed there were malnutrition among children particularly in school age. This study aimed to identify Body Mass Index (BMI) among school children.

 

Materials and methods

Anthropometry using z-score by WHO guideline was used to measure BMI status. The location of school is located in Kedungkandang subdistrict, Malang city. This study collected the data from all students in the year 2013.

 

 

Results

The results showed among 292 students, there were 48 students with malnutrition (21.91%), 219 students with normal nutritional status (75%), and 25 students were overweight and obesity (8.56%). Based on the questionnaire, that most who have poor nutritional status came from poor family, have many members of family, and some of the students has been reported with previous infected with parasite.

 

Conclusions

Malnutrition is still be health concern in school children. Hence, obesity and overweight start to occur in children and need to be addressed with prevention and control program.

 

 

Keywords nutritional status, malnutrition, obesity, Indonesia