Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Gendered prevalence and access to cigarette by minor: evidence from Global Youth Tobacco Survey, 83 countries, 2013 to 2016
Nancy Satpathy

Last modified: 2018-08-07

Abstract


Background: Article 16 of Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO-FCTC) prohibiting the sale of tobacco to and by minors is a proven strategy to reduce adolescent smoking. In this context, this study examines minor’s access to cigarette in 83 countries using Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) data.

Materials and methods: Gender stratified analysis of GYTS data (2013-2016) was done and access to cigarette among minors (13-15 years)were estimated and compared with FCTC Article 16 implementation in the country.

Results:Use of cigarette among maleyouths(range:41.5-100%) was higher than female(Range:0-58%) counterparts in all countries except Belarus, Bulgaria, Italy, Mozambique, Tokelau, and Uruguay. Relatively higher male and female prevalence was noted in SEAR region and AMERICAN region respectively. Shops/vendors/kiosks were the major (>50%) source of cigarette for both males and females in all countries. The cigarette vending machine was used 19 countries.Prominent gender disparity in supplying cigarette across all except 12 countries was observed. About 72 and 53 countries hadimplemented FCTC-Article-16 and banned use of vending machine respectively.

Conclusions: Cigarette use by minor and access to minor is universal and gendered contextually. Contextual and gender specific strategy to reduce minor use and access to cigarette should be givenpriority.

 

Acknowledgements: Prof. (Dr.) S K Satpathy, Director, School of Public Health, KIIT Deemed to be University

 

Keywords :Tobacco, Access, Minor, FCTC Article 16, GYTS