Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Correlates of tobacco quit attempts and missed opportunities for tobacco cessation among adult population in India
MANAS RANJAN Pradhan, Surendra Patel

Last modified: 2018-08-07

Abstract


Background

Tobacco cessation is crucial to reduce tobacco-related diseases and premature deaths. Quitting efforts can be enhanced by brief routine intervention at the health facility because health care providers are highly trusted resulting in stronger adherence to their advice.

Materials and methods

This study used data from adults' age 15-49 years (n= 117,468) from the fourth round of the National Family and Health Survey (NFHS) 2015-16. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were carried out using STATA (version 12) to understand the socioeconomic and demographic correlates of tobacco quit attempt and advice to quit by health care providers.

 

Results

Nearly one-third of the tobacco users have attempted to quit tobacco. Education, mass media exposure, better economic status, chronic disease are enablers; while alcohol use and social backwardness are the barriers to quit attempt. Quit advice from the healthcare provider is inadequate (52%) and vary significantly by the socio-economic and demographic profile of the users.

 

Conclusions

Lower attempts to quit amongst the adolescents, less educated and users from poorest households may increase the burden of tobacco-attributable diseases; unless intervened in time. Sensitization of the health care providers about the value of cessation counseling is urgently required to enhance quitting and improved health.

 

Keywords: Correlates, tobacco, cessation, adult, India