Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Comparison of Indicators of Obesity Against The Occurrence of Hypertension Stage I In Indonesia
Anggun Pratiwi

Last modified: 2018-08-11



Several studies show that obesity is associated with risk of hypertension stage I. However, the most appropriate indicator of obesity measurement to predict the occurrence of hypertension stage I is still varies. The aim of the study is to compare which indicators of obesity that has strongest association with  hypertension stage I.

Materials and methods

A total of 9.654 adults aged 40 years and older were studied. The indicators analyzed are body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist height ratio (WHtR), and waist hip ratio (WHR). Design of the study was a cross sectional study using secondary data of Indonesian Family Life Survey 2014. The multivariate regression is applied for analysis.



The strength association of BMI, WC and WHtR are not much different whereas WHR shows the weakest association. The prevalence ratio are 2.04, 2.01, 2.02, and 1.62 respectively with 95% CI value is coincided. If differentiated by genders, BMI has the strongest association with hypertension stage I both in men and women.



The results indicate that hypertension stage I is associated with different indicators of obesity. BMI has the strongest association both in men and women.


Keywords :  hypertension, BMI, WC, WHtR, WHR