Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Factor associated hypertension among employees in Cimahi City 2018.
Debri Rizki Faisal

Last modified: 2018-08-21

Abstract


Background

Approximately 40% of adults aged 25 and above had been diagnosed with hypertension. It contributes to the burden of heart disease, stroke and kidney failure and premature mortality and disability. The purpose of study to determine the factors associated with hypertension in employees the government of Cimahi City.

Materials and methods

The study design was cross sectional using secondary data of Integrated Health Post for Non Communicable Disease (Posbindu PTM). Screening was conducted for employees in the government of Cimahi City were 827 participants. Hypertension was defined according to JNC-7. Bivariate analysis was done by using Chi Square test and multivariate analysis with logistic regression test using software Stata 13.

Results

Prevalence of normotension (53.33%), pre-hypertension (25.76%) and hypertension (20.92%). Bivariate analysis showed high cholesterol (OR=1.16, 95%CI=0.80-1.67), sex (OR = 2.21, 95% CI=1.54-3.19), hyperglycemia (OR=1.82,  95%CI=0.67-4.54), age (OR=3.95, 95% CI=2.965-5.96), family history (OR=1.79, 95%CI=1.26-2.56), central obesity (OR=3.59, 95% CI=2.21-6.08), BMI (OR=2.35, 95% CI=1.62-3.44), smoking (OR=1.31, 95% CI=0.91-1.88), lack physical activity (OR=1, 95%CI=0.70-1.42), lack consumption vegetables and fruits (OR=0.92, 95% CI=0.64-1.33). In the multivariate full models, factors significantly associated with hypertension were sex (OR=2.53, 95% CI=1.74-3.70), age (OR=3.52, 95%CI=2.36-5.25), family history of hypertension (OR=2.02, 95%CI=1.40-2.91) and central obesity (OR=3.80, 95%CI=2.30-6.26).

Conclusions

Risk factor associated hypertension among employees in Cimahi City were sex, age, family history and central obesity. Employees should screening on Posbindu PTM in the workplace regularly as an effort to prevent and early detection of hypertension

Acknowledgments

Thank you to Health Office of Cimahi City and Field Epidemiology Training Program Universitas Indonesia.

Keywords: NCD, Hypertension, Employee, Cimahi City

 


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