Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Outbreaks of food poisoning at wedding party in Sakawayana Village, Garut Regency, Indonesia
Debri Rizki Faisal

Last modified: 2018-08-21

Abstract


Background

On March 6th 2018, Health Office received report has been food poisoning outbreak in Sakawayana Village. Food poisoning allegedly box foods shared by the owner of the wedding party. The study aimed to describe outbreak and determine source of food poisoning.

Materials and Methods

The study design was cohort retrospective with interview using structure questionnaires. Chi square test was used to determine the source of illness and samples were collected for laboratory testing to identify agent. The cases was person eating foods in the box on March 5th, 2018 with one or more symptoms such as diarrhea, dizziness, fever, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, heartburn and seizures.

Results

Total population at risk were 537 peoples where 58.66% cases with symptoms were diarrhea (82.22%), dizziness (78.41%), fever (77.46%), nausea (76.19%), stomachache (65.08%) and vomiting (58.73%). The incubation period 0.5-53 hours, average16 hours. The results of bivariate analysis were rice (RR=1.02, 95%CI=0.86-1.20), fried beef (RR=0.96, 95%CI=0.79-1.15), potatoes balado (RR=1.42, 95%CI=1.14-1.75), fried tofu (RR=0.91, 95%CI=0.78-1.04), boiled eggs (RR=0.90, 95%CI=0.77-1.02), crackers (RR=0.78, 95%CI=0.67-0.89) and vermicelli stir fry (RR=1.64, 95%CI=1.34-1.99). Laboratory examination confirmed that vermicelli was positive Staphylococcus aureus.

Conclusion

Food poisoning is caused by vermicelli in the box foods which is contaminated by Staphylococcus aureus that the wedding party owner shares. Conduct socialization of clean and healthy cooking processes and also supervision to ensure food safety in every wedding event.

Acknowledgements

Thanks to Health Office of Garut Regency and Field Epidemiology Training Program Universitas Indonesia.

Keywords: Outbreak, Food Poisoning, Staphylococcus

 


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