Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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COMMUNITY BASED PLANNED INTERVENTION TARGETTING PERCEPTIONS, ATTITUDES AND HEALTH SEEKING BEHAVIOUR REGARDING CANCERS IN NEW DELHI : THE STUDY PROTOCOL
Atul Kotwal, Tulika Seth, Rakesh Thakur, G K Rath

Last modified: 2018-09-16

Abstract


Objectives: In view of the increasing burden of cancers in developing countries and need to plan and implement preventive and promotive strategies, based on community needs assessment to ensure prevention and early diagnosis and management, this study was conducted to first understand community needs and perceptions, secondly to design and implement evidence based preventive strategies, and lastly to test the short-term outcome of these strategies in the field. This paper reports the protocol of a first of its kind community level intervention in India to improve perceptions, attitudes and health seeking behavior regarding common cancers among community members in New Delhi, the capital of India.

Study Design: Cross Sectional mixed methods before and after intervention community based study.

Methods: The study had three phases. Phase I involved understanding perceptions, attitudes and practices and needs assessment using qualitative and quantitative methods, gaining from the strengths of both by combining the approaches. Based on the findings of Phase I, appropriate comprehensive interventions were designed and implemented in Phase II. A repeat survey using quantitative methodology was conducted to assess the short-term impact of the intervention. The primary outcome was change in perceptions, attitudes and contextual health care seeking practices among the community.

Results: Results of this study will be reported in peer-reviewed publications and in conference presentations

Conclusion: This first of its kind study in India has helped in understanding the determinants of perceptions, attitude and practices regarding cancer in the community, which helped in formulating need based intervention strategies. Testing the short-term outcome of intervention showed it to be effective. The study will help in policy decision making by the planners and administrators of the state.