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Analisis of Typhoid Fever Incidence in Sosa District, Padang Lawas Regency, North Sumatra Province
putra Apriadi siregar

Last modified: 2018-08-14

Abstract


Typhoid fever are found in the lives of our people, both in urban and rural areas. Typhoid fever is closely related to the low quality of personal hygiene and poor environmental sanitation as well as the behavior of people who do not support for healthy living. The high incidence of typhoid fever in Sosa District of Padang Lawas Regency is allegedly caused by poor personal hygiene and poor environmental sanitation condition.

This research use case control design with population of 50 people divided into case sample group as much 25 people and control sample group counted 25 people. Data collection using prepared questionnaires. Data analysis technique using computer program with chi-square test then display Odd Ratio (OR).

The results showed that there was a association between non-vegetable washing and cooking habits (p = 0,004; OR = 6,000; 95% CI = 1,693 <OR <21,262), poor drinking water treatment (P = 0.023; OR = 3.857; 95% CI = 1,180 <OR <12,606), the habit of not washing hands with soap (P = 0,005; OR = 5,464; 95% CI = 1.627 <OR <18,357) with incidence typhoid fever in District Sosa Padang Lawas. The results of this study showed no association between waste place (p = 0.167), use of latrines (p = 0.076) with incidence typhoid fever.

From the result of the research, it is suggested to Health Office of Padang Lawas Regency to increase the coverage of supervision activities and fostering of food sanitation hygiene and Clean and Healthy Behavior (PHBS) in Puskesmas throughout Padang Lawas Regency. Puskesmas in Kecamatan Sosa need to do mapping and supervision to suspect patient of typhoid fever especially related to washing vegetables and cooking vegetables properly, drinking water treatment, hand washing habit with soap and bad SPAL.

Keywords: Environment, Personal Hygiene, Sanitation, Typhoid Fever