Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Environmental Factors Associated with Dengue Fever in Depok
Fathinah Ranggauni Hardy

Last modified: 2018-08-14

Abstract


Background : Depok City is one of the endemic areas of dengue disease in Indonesia. An increase and spread of dengue cases was likely caused by the high mobility of the population, urban development, climate change, changes in population density and distribution.

Materials and methods : This research is an analytic study with case control design. This study found that in bivariate and multivariate analysis  the variables associated with the incidence of dengue in the city of Depok.

 

Results : On multivariate analysis, the home environment variables that individuals with home lighting ineligible risk of 3.369 (95% CI: 1.418 to 8.005) compared to individuals exposed to dengue home lighting qualify as controlled by confounding variables, namely the habit of cleaning water reservoirs and jobs. On multivariate analysis, behavioral variables respondent is an individual who cleans water reservoirs are not routinely <1 time a week are at risk of 3.293 (95% CI: 1.321 to 8.212) DHF compared with individuals who have the habit of cleaning water reservoirs regularly after confounding variables are controlled by environmental conditions and education of home lighting.

 

Conclusions : For Depok City Health Department inspection home lighting conditions and larvae regularly, fogging and improve health promotion to respondents on how to prevent dengue by conducting 3M plus especially on variable drainase in order to suppress the incidence of dengue in the working area. For respondents in order to join and participate in efforts to Mosquito Nest Eradication of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (PSN-DBD).

 

Acknowledgements : Departemen Epidemiologi, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Indonesia, Dinas Kesehatan Kota Depok, Puskesmas Sawangan

 

 

Keywords :  Dengue, Home Physical Environment, Public Behavior