Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Breastfeeding as a protective factor against stunting among children aged 6-23 months in border area of West Kalimantan
Dini Suciyanti

Last modified: 2018-08-07


Background : Stunting is a key indicator of chronic undernutrition which reflects a failure to reach potential linear growth. Infant and young child feeding (ICYF) practices are one of underlying factors associated with stunting.


Materials and methods : The study design was cross-sectional study in Sambas District, West Kalimantan. Probability proportional to size (PPS) was used to determine how many under two children from each village. There were 518 subjects enrolled in this study.  The underlying factors of stunting were analyzed by using logistic regression test.


Results : The results showed that prevalence of stunting in Sambas District was 31.9% which considered as high public health problem. Boys and low birth weight have likelihood to be stunted 2 times higher than girls and normal birth weight (p<0.05). Further analysis showed that breastfed children were 0.7 times likely to be stunted against non-breastfed children (p>0.05) after adjusted by sex, wealth index, birth weight, diarrhea, immunization, and posyandu compliance.


Conclusions : Based on the findings, breastfeeding have a protective effect on stunting so that IYCF practices should be taken into account by local government, stakeholder, and NGO to catch up an optimal growth and to reduce stunting among under two children.


Acknowledgements : We would like to thank to local government  in  Sambas  districts. Financial support for this study was provided by SEAMEO RECFON.


Keywords : Breastfeeding, Border area, Stunting, Under two children