Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Young Key Affected Population in Myanmar: Is there any challenge in seeking HIV/Sexually transmitted infection, reproductive health information and care?
Kyaw-Min Htut

Last modified: 2018-08-07


Background: Reducing HIV/Sexually transmitted infection (STI) and reproductive health (RH) related risks among young people is one of the priority interventions in Myanmar. Therefore, the study was conducted to determine the health seeking behaviors regarding HIV/STI and RH, and the challenges in seeking health information among YKAP.


Materials and methods: A mixed-methods cross-sectional study was conducted at Yangon and Mandalay in Myanmar. Face-to-face interviews and focus-group-discussions were conducted with YKAP aged 15-24 years.


Results: A total of 119 young men who have sex with men (YMSM) and 123 young female sex workers (YFSW) included and mean age were 20.9±2.4 and 21.7±2.2 respectively. YFSW were identified as brothel-based (40%), entertainment-based (karaoke/restaurant/nightclub/massage) (32.5%) and street-based (28.5%), and nearly 60% of YMSM are Feminine-Type. Over 30% of YMSM and 49.3% of YFSW had experience of any STI symptom and many of them sought health care at NGO clinics. Over 13% of YMSM and 14.6% of YFSW have challenges in seeking health information on HIV/STI and RH. Common reasons were “reluctant to ask” and “not knowing relevant person to ask”.


Conclusion: Provision of health information to YKAP should be done since there is a considerable proportion of YKAP with unmet need in seeking HIV/STI and RH information and care.