Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Organ Donation - Community based perceptions, its enabling and disabling factors in a community of rural north India
Puneet Misra

Last modified: 2018-09-16

Abstract


Background - There is huge gap in demand and supply of organ in India. Thousands of people are diagnosed with organ failure in India every year and they require transplant to save life.  Getting organs is a huge problem so we did this study to find out perceptions, knowledge, awareness and attitudes towards organ donation in a rural community.

Materials and methods This Cross sectional study was done in randomly selected population of North India.  A qualitative study was also done to understand the socio cultural barriers and to get in depth understanding about their perceptions about enabling and disabling factors for Organ donation.

Results Majority of participants knew about organ donation but only (31%) had heard of brain death. TV was major source of information to participants.  Organizing organ donation awareness camp and providing complete information through village health personnel were preferred mode for awareness.  (56%) participants were willing to donate their organs.  Barriers in organ donation were fear of disfigurement of body after death, not having information on whom to contact, not aware about organ donation, fear about misuse of organs and opposition from family members.

 

Conclusions - Most of people considered organ donation as a noble act but they have limited source of information about organ donation.  Views on organ donation were related to interactions between limited knowledge, lack of information and pre-existent neutral or negative beliefs about being a donor, together with influence of concerns or perceptions over illegal marketing of donated organs.

 

 

Acknowledgements study participants of Rural Community of Ballabgarh, India, Field workers and staff of CRHSP-AIIMS, Ballabgrah