Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Impact of Agricultural Diversity over Nutritional Status of Children in Eight states of India
ARPIT SINGH

Last modified: 2018-08-07

Abstract


Background: “Nutrition is a desperately neglected aspect of maternal, newborn and child health. More than a third of child death and 11% of the total disease burden worldwide are due to maternal and child undernutrition.” The nutritional status of a child, as with any individual, is assessed through dietary, anthropometric, biochemical and physical observation. India is a country of vast agriculture diversity, across 70% of the population is associated with agriculture activities hence improvement in agriculture can lead to the improvement in human capital and economic growth which in turn will lead to combating undernutrition.

Material and Methods: This study deals with examining whether the current scenario of crop production is affecting nutritional status of children using Multilevel Modelling approach followed by Structural Equation Modelling. For this study, data from two sources have been taken into account; Village dynamics of South Asia, ICRISAT & District Level Household Survey  4 (2012-13).

Results: Productions of crops like Potato, Onion etc at district level and mother nutritional status are found to be significantly associated with child’s nutritional status of children. Variance (VPC) explained at each level (District, PSU and Individual) justifies the use of multilevel modelling. Structural Equation Modelling shows that mother’s nutritional status plays a very important role in child nutritional status

Keywords:

Agriculture Diversity, Nutrition Status of Children, Multilevel Modelling, Structural Equation Modelling