Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Effect of women autonomy and domestic violence on child health outcomes in India
Subhi Srivastava, Alok Kumar, Sangeeta Kansal

Last modified: 2018-08-07


Background: Violence against women by a spousal partner mostly affects women and children’s health and subsequently affects their well being. This study examines the effect of domestic violence against women on child health outcomes and also contributes to the understanding of the relationships that exist between women’s status, domestic violence, and child health outcomes.

Materials and methods: The analysis was performed on a sample of currently married women of reproductive age for domestic violence in the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) conducted in 2015-16. The multivariate analysis allows the separate and combined effects of the explanatory variables to be examined and therefore study the association between women’s autonomy, domestic violence, and child health status.

Results: State-wise analyses show that there is significant strong correlation (0.417) between domestic violence and the underweight of the children. The states where women experienced more emotional, physical and sexual violence have significant proportion of underweight children. Women who had autonomy to take the household decisions were more likely to have completely immunized children as well as significantly less likely to have underweight children after controlling the other significant socio-economic factors.

Conclusions: Findings from the study revealed that there is strong and significant link between women empowerment in terms of autonomy and domestic violence and child health status.

Keywords:  Women’s autonomy, Complete immunization, Domestic violence, Underweight children