Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Controlled hypertension: a prospective kohort study in Bogor 2011-2016
Julianty Pradono

Last modified: 2018-09-13

Abstract


Background: Hypertension as a risk factor for complications in non-communicable diseases.   Indonesian government has sought to reduce hypertension by Integrated Service Post of non-communicable diseases. This study is to measure controlled hypertension prevalence and determinants.

Materials and methods: The risk factors were determined on the samples recruited from cohort study in 2011-2016. Blood pressure was measure using an electronic sphygmomanometer, performed every three months for four years. Criterion JNC 8th is based for diagnosis of controlled blood pressured.

Results: There are 1450 (25.5%) of 5690 cohort respondents had hypertension at baseline. After four years of observation, 1276 of respondents with hypertension were still responding and controlled hypertension in 304 respondents (23.8%). During this time, a trend toward increased controlled hypertension has been seen. Taking regular antihypertensive drugs (HR= 1,23, 95% CI 1,04-1,47) and prandial blood glucose (HR= 1,17, 95% CI 1,01-1,34) were the factors, which were associated with controlled hypertension.

Conclusions: Controlled hypertension requires awareness of respondents to take regular antihypertensive drug,  regularly measure of blood pressure and control prandial blood sugar.

Acknowledgements: Thanks for the Head of NIHRD to conduct cohort study.

Key worlds: controlled hypertension, cohort study, 2011-2016