Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Determinant of stunting among children under-five (A Cross Sectional Study in Temanggung District)
Lintang Dian Saraswati, Praba Ginandjar, Nissa Kusariana, Agus Suwandono, Ari Udiyono, Muhamad Arie Wuryanto, Mateus Sakundarno Adi, Retno Hestiningsih, Dwi Sutiningsih, Sri Yuliawati, Henry Setyawan Susanto, Dina Rahayuning Pangestuti, Kurniawan Teguh Martono

Last modified: 2018-08-07


Background: Childhood stunting is one of the most significant impediment to human development, affecting approximately children under the age of 5 years. Stunting may cause deprived attention, memory impairment, and decreased cognitive development. Knowledge about risk factors is an important for the prevention of the stunting.

Materials and methods: This was a cross sectional study design conducted in June-August 2017 in Temanggung District. This study involved 258 mother who have children aged 0-5 years old, calculated with Slovin formula. Sample were selected using simple random sampling using list of mother from secondary data in posyandu and Public Health Centers in Temanggung.


Results: The results showed that most of the respondents have female children (54.7%), were educated in junior high school (42.2%), working as housewives (59,3%), with income below the regional minimum wage (52,7%), and 98% were married. More than half of the respondents (57.4%) were giving birth in maternity midwife clinic, 77.5% helped by midwife with normal process (88.0%). The results also found that 78.3% give breastfeeding after giving birth, but only 34.1% who give exclusive breastfeeding. Study also revealed 24.8% children were low birth weight, 68.2% were stunting with 51.9% of them were underweight. The results of Chi-Square test showed that low birth weight status and nutritional status were contributing factors of stunting with p value 0.004 and 0.000 respectively.


Conclusions: Determinant factor of stunting among children under five in Temanggung were low birth weight status and nutritional status. Thus, nutritional intervention programmes on the prevention of stunting should consider mother and children nutrition as determinants.


Acknowledgements: The authors thank Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia for funding the research (number of grant: KM.04.01/2/2283/2017). The authors also would like to thank the study participants, District Health Office of Temanggung, and Public Health Centres for their cooperation in facilitating the study. The assisstance of Putri Septyarini in enrollment of study participants and data collection are also highly appreciated



Keywords: stunting, children, nutrition, low birth weight