Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Dengue cases treated in Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Amritsar in year 2017
Harpreet kaur, Shyam Lal Mahajan

Last modified: 2018-07-24

Abstract


Background

Dengue is viral infection mainly transmitted by female Aedes aegypti and Ae. Albopictus mosquitoes, has spread globally in recent decades. Aedes albopictus has spread from Asia to North America and Europe. Severe dengue causes serious illness and deaths. Dengue has no treatment but can be prevented and controlled. Dengue vaccine is available for use in people, 9-45 years. District Amritsar in 2009-2013 and SGRDIMSAR in 2013 and 2015, showed maximum cases in 21-30 years, August–November and higher number of males. National Research Development Corporation of India in 2009 found high mosquito breeding in coolers and developed NICD Cooler.

 

Materials and methods

Data of confirmed dengue cases treated in SGRDIMSAR, Amritsar in year 2017 were collected; analyzed and valid conclusions drawn.

 

Results

In year 2017, 198 cases were reported from August–November, maximum, 57 in 21-30 years, higher number of males, urban and NS-1 Ag positive. Mean gap between admission and testing of cases was 5 ± 2.1 days. Average length of stay of cases in hospital was 6.1 ± 2 days.

 

Conclusions

Vector control, hospital care of cases and use of NICD Coolers should be emphasized.

 

Acknowledgements: Nil

Keywords

Dengue, Severe dengue, Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus