Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Maternal height, nutrient intake and its association with birth outcomes
azrimaidaliza azrimaidaliza

Last modified: 2018-08-21

Abstract


Background: Maternal height and nutrient intake have contributed to the birth outcome, including birth weight and length of birth. The aim of this study is to determine the association of maternal height and nutrient intake with birth weight and length of birth.

Materials and methods: The prospective cohort study was conducted to this study. A total of 201 pregnant women were followed from the first trimester until delivered baby.  Chi-square test was used to analyze the data.

Results: The result showed that the mean of maternal height is 154 cm (± 5.9 cm). Mother with short stature (<150 cm) and energy intake during pregnancy ≤ 1800 cal/day has the higher percentage to delivered neonates with birth weight < 3000 g (p-value=0.008) compared with mother with normal height and energy intake > 1800 cal. Mother with short stature and protein intake ≤ 65 g/day has the higher percentage to delivered neonates with birth length < 48 cm (p-value=0.000) compared with mother with normal height and protein intake > 65 g/day.

Conclusions: Because of the result, the mother with short stature is recommended to consume energy > 1800 cal/day and protein intake > 65 g/day during pregnancy to delivered neonates with normal weight and length.

Acknowledgements: Public Health Faculty Andalas University, Padang, West Sumatera Province, Indonesia. This study received support from higher education, Ministry of Research and Technology, Indonesia.

Keywords:  Maternal height, energy intake, protein intake, birth weight, birth length