Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Malaria and Dengue: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice and Effect of Sensitization Workshop among School teachers.
Akanksha Rathi

Last modified: 2018-07-24


Background Vector borne diseases like malaria and dengue are a menace for developing countries like India. India bears three-fourth burden of malaria cases in South-east Asia. Delhi is endemic for dengue and has faced many outbreaks in recent years. The study was conducted to assess school teacher’s knowledge, attitude and practices related to dengue and malaria and the effect of workshop on their knowledge.

Materials and methods This is a cross-sectional study done on 212 school teachers to know their knowledge, attitude and practices regarding dengue and malaria. Data was collected with a pre-tested self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire covered the following areas: socio-demographic characteristics (sex, age, marital status, education, income, and number of members in household), knowledge, personal experience, attitude and practices regarding vector borne diseases. They were then exposed to an intervention workshop after the pre-test and the gain in knowledge scores was compared with the post test.

Results Mean age of respondents was 38.5 years and 57.5% of them were females. Participants had fairly good knowledge about dengue and malaria. More than 90% participants knew that mosquito bite is responsible for dengue and malaria. Around 75% of respondents were also aware of the symptoms of these diseases. The number of participants having a low, medium and high pre-test knowledge score (<50%, 50-74% & ≥ 75% respectively) were 6.6%, 42.5% and 50.9% respectively. A significant improvement was seen in the knowledge score after the intervention workshop (Χ2=23.6, p<0.001).

Conclusions Key success for mosquito borne diseases control depends not only on services provided by Health Authority but also on knowledge, awareness, preventive practices and early care seeking behavior of the community. There is a need to know and improve existing knowledge and practice regarding mosquito borne diseases and its control in community.