Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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The Relationship of Pregnancy Complication to Low Birth Weight in Indonesia
Annisa Yuri Ekaningrum

Last modified: 2018-08-20


Background : Low birth weight (LBW) is a multifactorial problem affect brain development in children and cause intelligence degradation. LBW affects seriously towards perinatal morbidity and mortality in Indonesia.

Materials and methods  : A national sample involving 13.143 reproductive age women aged (15-49 years old) were examined in Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS). Study design was cross-sectional and selected using cluster sampling technique. Sample was consisted of 1.611 subjects have LBW babies and 11.532 subjects have normal weight babies.


Results: These findings suggest that there is an association between educational attainment, socioeconomic status, birth interval, baby gender, prenatal care worker, and quality of antenatal care with LBW. Mother who sustain pregnancy complication was 1.78 times higher for having low birth weight children compared with mother who do not sustain pregnancy complication.


Conclusions: These findings emphasize an association between pregnancy complication and incidence of low birth weight. Pregnancy complication can be prevented by consumption of healthy foods.



Keywords:  antenatal, birth weight, complication, pregnancy