Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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General Obesity Based on Body Mass Index and Abdominal Obesity Based on waist circumference to Prediabetes
NUR RIZKY RAMADHANI, NURHAYATI ADNAN

Last modified: 2018-08-27

Abstract


Background   : Prediabetes is a global public health issue. Prevalence of prediabetes is increasing worldwide. Generally, it is high among adults and as a high risk state for DM. Obesity has essential role in pathophysiology of prediabetes. This study aimed to explore whether both of general obesity and abdominal obesity related to prediabetes on age group 20-65 years in Bogor tengah sub-district by family history of DM,  sex, age, smoking, hypertension, physical activity and stress.

Materials and methods : This study used the cross sectional design study with Cox Regression to multivariable analysis. Data for this analysis were collected during the baseline stage of cohort study of  risk factors of non-communicable disease in 2011-2012. There were 3244 respondents were taken by random sample technique.

Results : The result indicated that obesity to prediabetes adjusted by age; general obesity  alone PR 1,56 (95% CI: 1,15-2,11), abdominal obesity alone PR 1,43 (95% CI; 1,09-1,85), general  obesity and abdominal obesity jointly  PR 1,93 (95% CI; 1,62-2,28).

Conclusions : General obesity and abdominal obesity jointly contributed most to the increase prevalence of prediabetes. Awareness raising and screening of prediabetes of those at high risk group by assessing obesity by BMI and waist circumference joinlty are essential to be considered as part of efforts to control the epidemic of prediabetes in community.

Acknowledgements :

Acknowledgments to the Agency for Research and Health Development of the Republic of Indonesia which has granted permission to use the data on the basis of the Cohort Study of Non-Communicable Risk Factors in 2011 and 2012 .

Keyword : abdominal obesity, general obesity, prediabetes.