Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

Font Size: 
Epidemiological study of risk factors for Non-Communicable diseases of district Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh.
Shubhanshu Gupta

Last modified: 2018-08-27

Abstract


Background- The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as diabetes and coronary heart disease (CHD) is increasing both globally and in India. This study was conducted to assess the behavioural, physical and biochemical risk factors for NCDs in district Jhansi.

Methods- Community based cross sectional study was conducted among residents aged 18-70 years selected from different areas of Jhansi during 2016-2017. WHO STEP wise method was used for screening of the primary NCD risk indicators. Data analysis was done using epi info software.

Results- Out of 5227 study participants response rate was 91%. Tobacco and alcohol consumption were observed in 10.6% and 16.7% of the population. The hypertension was prevalent in 18.7% (17.8–20.7%) and diabetes in 6.7% (6.1– 7.4%) of the population, respectively. Tobacco and Alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, BMI and age were independently associated with risk of hypertension.

Conclusions-There is a high prevalence of risk factors of NCDs in Jhansi. There is an urgent need to address behavioural risk factors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity and inadequate intake of fruits and vegetables through primary prevention.

Acknowledgement- Thanks to Dr. A.K. Malhotra and staff members of community medicine.

Key words- NCDs, risk factors, WHO STEP, prevalence, indicators.