Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Maternal role on food variation intake in 2-3 years old children in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Carissa Cerdasari, Siti Helmyati, Madarina Julia

Last modified: 2018-08-20



Children with poor food variation are potentially at risk for nutritional deficits. In a long term, this habit could affect child’s growth and could lead to malnutrition.

Materials and methods

In this cross-sectional study, mothers (n=141) of children aged 2-3 years old were recruited. Child food variation questionnaire was modified based on research by Savige et al. (1997).
Modification is carried out on the food item that is commonly eaten by respondents in the study area. Maternal food variation, and early age feeding variability data were measured using food variation questionnaire. Data on pressure to eat obtained based on sub scale presssure to eat in Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ). Kruskal-wallis test were used to evaluate the association between maternal food variation, infant feeding practices, and pressure to eat with child food variation.



Child food variation was significantly associated with maternal food variation and food variability in early age (p<0.05). There were no association between exclusive breastfeeding duration, the age of introduction of solid food, and presure to eat score with child food variability (p>0,05). Although it is not significantly related, there were tendencies of shorter exclusive breastfeeding practice, later in introduction of solid food, and higher score on pressure to eat in children with poor food variation.


Mother has major role in forming children eating behavior. The need to always consume a large variety of food, and introduce children with good food variation at the beginning of solid food introduction, may protect children in eating problem in the future.


We thank all the repondents, enumerators, and also Malang State Health Polytechnic who supported this study financially.

Keywords : child food variation, maternal food variation, infant feeding practices, pressure to eat, children 2-3 years old