Faculty of Public Health - Andalas University - OCS, 13th IEA SEA Meeting and ICPH - SDev

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Comparison of consumption pattern among Indonesian college students live in a home country and abroad
Rany Adelina, Bunga Astria Paramashanti, Setyo Harsoyo, Tapriadi Tapriadi

Last modified: 2018-08-21

Abstract


Background

The background of this study is referring to the phenomenon of college students who live outside their hometown tend to have a careless eating pattern. They usually bought meals to cafe/catering which tends to be less nutritious such as high fat, low fiber, and high carbohydrate. This study is to compare of consumption pattern among Indonesian college students live in a home country and abroad.

Materials and methods

This study was using Food Frequency Questionnaire consist of 76 food items to collect the data. There were six frequencies assessed in this study such as ' more than 1 times a day ',' 1 times a day ',' 4-6 times a week ',' 1-3 times a week ',' 1-3 times a month ', and ' never '. The participants were Indonesian college students who lived in Malang city (n=397) and Taipei city (n=100). Both of them were lived as overseas students, not originally come from Malang city. The statistical analysis was done using descriptive frequency and Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney test..  

 

Results

The staple food category showed the highest consumption of white rice ‘more than 1 times a day’ was less in Taipei city (64%) than in Malang city (80.4%). Fast food category showed the most consumption in instant noodles ‘1-3 times a week’ was higher in Malang city (35.9%). Vegetable category showed the most consumption for ‘1-3 times a week’ was spinach in Malang city (35%) and carrot in Taipei city (35%). The category of fruits showed the highest consumption of oranges 1-3 times a month in both cities. Dairy product category showed the highest consumption for 1-3 times a month on ice cream in both cities. Drink category showed the most consumption of fruit juice 1-3 times a week and the most consumption of honey for 1-3 times a month in both cities. There was no significant difference between the consumption pattern who lived in Malang city and Taipei city (p=0.116).

 

Conclusions

Instant noodle consumption is relatively high while vegetables and fruits are not consumed daily. They prefer ice cream and caffeine beverages (coffee and tea) than yogurt. Then, chicken is more often consumed than fresh fish by college students in both cities. Indonesian college students tend to bring their eating pattern in abroad, so there is no significant difference between two cities.

 

Acknowledgments

Thanks to Health Polytechnic of Malang for giving research grant in the year 2016. Moreover, we would thankful to participants and assistant researchers for supporting the study.

 

Keywords:  consumption pattern, college students, Malang, Taipei